In a firm letter sent to John Boehner, Nancy Pelosi, Harry Reid, and Mitch McConnell, America's faith leaders are working to make sure the near-catastrophe of the Hobby Lobby case never happens again.
The mixed group, including Christians of various denominations, Jews, and Mormons, comes with a harsh warning (bolded in the original): "Do not amend or repeal RFRA[.]"
RFRA, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act signed into law by President Bill Clinton, was the actual basis of the Supreme Court's Hobby Lobby decision on Monday and not the First Amendment only.
That 1993 law, prompted by the case of Native Americans using certain substances for spiritual purposes, held that the government may only theoretically encroach on religious liberties if it does so in the most non-imposing way and only if demonstrably necessary.
"Congress has never passed legislation with the specific purpose of reducing Americans' religious freedom. It should not consider doing so now," the group wrote.
Read the letter in its entirety below:
RE: Protecting the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993
Dear Speaker Boehner, Minority Leader Pelosi, Majority Leader Reid, and Minority Leader McConnell:
We are leaders of diverse faith communities representing over 100 million Americans. Our faith communities worship in many different ways, and we have different views on many things. But in the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court's decisions in favor of Hobby Lobby Stores and Conestoga Wood Specialties (Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores), we are united in our staunch support for maintaining all of the existing provisions and protections of the federal Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (RFRA). RFRA is a highly flexible legal standard that protects the rights and liberties of individuals of all religious faiths, including the most vulnerable.
The Supreme Court affirmed that all Americans—including family business owners—should be free to live and work according to their faith and receive the protections afforded by the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. When President Clinton signed RFRA into law over twenty years ago, he finalized the work of overwhelming bipartisan majorities in the United States House and Senate. Only three Members of Congress voted against RFRA. Not one of Congress's 535 Members suggested that this landmark new law would not protect a person's free exercise of religion if she chose to provide for herself, her family, and her employees by starting a business.
In the United States, freedom of religion has always included—and should always include—the right to live out one's religion and act according to one's conscience outside the walls of one's house of worship. Every single day, millions of Americans are motivated by their faith to go and serve the neediest among us. The good works of these individuals of faith can be seen in soup kitchens, hospitals, schools, hospices—and, yes, family-owned businesses.
For over two decades, RFRA has protected Americans of all faiths from government coercion. Jews, Muslims, Hindus, Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs, and others all benefit when powerful government officials know that, as President Bill Clinton stated when he signed RFRA, government must meet "a very high level of proof before it interferes with someone's free exercise of religion."
We have come together to write this letter with one specific plea: Do not amend or repeal RFRA, one of our nation's most vital legal protections for the religious freedom and rights of conscience of every person of every faith.
Changing RFRA because some disagree with one particular application of the law would set a dark precedent by undermining the fundamental principle of religious freedom for all, even for those whose religious beliefs may be unpopular at the moment. Congress has never passed legislation with the specific purpose of reducing Americans' religious freedom. It should not consider doing so now.
Freedom of religion, like freedom of speech, must stand for all Americans, for all time.
Jo Anne Lyon
The Wesleyan Church
Dr. Russell Moore
Ethics & Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention
Rev. Dr. Matthew C. Harrison
The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod
Rabbi Leonard Matanky
Rabbi Mark Dratch
Executive Vice President
The Rabbinical Council of America
Most Reverend Joseph E. Kurtz, D.D.
Archbishop of Louisville
President, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
Bishop Charles E. Blake, Sr.
Church of God in Christ
Gary E. Stevenson
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Dr. George O. Wood
Assemblies of God, USA
Nathan J. Diament
Executive Director for Public Policy
Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America
Dwayne O. Leslie
Director of Legislative Affairs
General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
Dr. L. Roy Taylor
Stated Clerk of the General Assembly of the
Presbyterian Church in America