Presbyterians Vote to Allow Gay Marriage by Whopping 3-1 Ratio

221st Presbyterian Church General Assembly
Commissioners and advisory delegates broke out into small groups to discuss marriage and Middle East issues during the 221st Presbyterian Church (USA) General Assembly in Detroit on Thursday. (RNS photo courtesy Danny Bolin via PC(USA))

The Presbyterian Church (USA) voted Thursday to allow gay and lesbian weddings within the church, making it among the largest Christian denominations to take an embracing step toward same-sex marriage.

By a 76-24 percent vote, the General Assembly of the 1.8 million-member PCUSA voted to allow pastors to perform gay marriages in states where they are legal. Delegates, meeting in Detroit this week, also approved new language about marriage in the church's Book of Order, or constitution, altering references to "a man and woman" to "two persons."

This change will not become church law until a majority of the 172 regional presbyteries vote to ratify the new language. But given the lopsided 3-1 ratio of the vote, approval is expected.

The vote came after an emotional but polite debate in which opponents of the motion said it conflicted with Scripture and would cause Presbyterian churches abroad to break relations with the PCUSA.

The Presbyterian Lay Committee, which opposes gay marriage, urged congregations to launch a financial boycott out of protest.

"The Presbyterian Lay Committee mourns these actions and calls on all Presbyterians to resist and protest them," the group said in a statement. "You should refuse to fund the General Assembly, your synod, your presbytery and even your local church if those bodies have not explicitly and publicly repudiated these unbiblical actions.

"God will not be mocked," the statement continued, "and those who substitute their own felt desires for God's unchangeable Truth will not be found guiltless before a holy God."

Under the new rules, pastors who do not want to preside over gay weddings are not obligated to, and the change applies only in the 19 states and the District of Columbia where same-sex civil marriage is legal.

The church has long grappled with the issue, which came to a head at the last General Assembly, in 2012, when a similar resolution allowing for gay marriage lost 338-308. Since then, the church's decades-long decline in membership—it has lost 37 percent of its membership since 1992—has continued. These losses have been led by conservative-leaning congregations that defected over what they lamented as the church's embrace of more liberal values.

The General Assembly's vote reflects change in the nation, where in rapid succession during the past year, judges have struck down laws prohibiting same-sex marriage. And a steady stream of opinion polls shows Americans' approval of gay marriage has risen dramatically in the past few years, to around 55 percent today.

But even against this backdrop, the General Assembly's vote stands out as a church adapting its policy to fit a rapidly shifting culture even as most other Christian denominations have resisted.

The nation's largest churches—Roman Catholic, Southern Baptist, Mormon, United Methodist and most evangelical churches—recognize marriage only as between a man and a woman, though many Methodists are pushing for a change. The Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and the United Church of Christ all allow same-sex marriage.


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